The Hawker 800 is a mid-sized business jet manufactured from 1983 to 2013. The 800 originally built by British Aerospace (also known as BAe) was a derivative of the original model, the HS 125, built by Hawker-Siddeley in 1962 in Britain which became the world’s longest running business jet program. In 1981 BAe, which owned Hawker-Siddeley, began work on a new model to replace the HS 125-700. The 800 was the first business jet aircraft equipped with a glass cockpit and also incorporated larger engines, redesigned wings, and a new rear fuselage fairing. The most prominent visual features of these aircraft are the horizontal stabilizer on the tail, which is positioned lower than the top of the tailfin, and an overwing emergency exit door on the right side only with 6 windows on each side. The cabin typically carries 8 passengers but can be configured for up to 13 seats.
Due to the company changing hands several times one must know the year of manufacture which can be found by looking up the registration number in order to call these aircraft by the correct name. Production began in 1983 with the aircraft designated as the BAe 125-800A or 800B. The “A” version was tailored to the U.S. market while the “B” version was tailored to the European aircraft market. In 1993 British Aerospace sold its Hawker jet division to the Raytheon Company; aircraft built after 1993 were known as the Raytheon Hawker 800. An updated version was brought to market in 1995 called the 800XP, and another update came in 2006 with the 850XP. The most visible difference with this one was the addition of winglets which gave the jet an extra 100 miles of fuel range; however, one should not assume all 800s with winglets are the XP version because winglets are available as an aftermarket modification for earlier 800s. Another variant was the 750XP which was basically an 850 with more luggage space made possible by removing the rear fuel tank giving it less range; 74 were built. The 900XP variant was certified in 2007 and increased range with an engine upgrade; 213 were built. Raytheon later merged its Beech Aircraft Corporation with the Hawker unit to form Hawker-Beechcraft and sold it to a private investment group. After 2007, the aircraft was simply known as the Hawker-Beechcraft 850XP. The financial crisis that followed took a heavy toll on Hawker-Beechcraft. As part of its bankruptcy reorganization in 2013 the company was forced to cease all jet production and focus on single and twin engine prop and military trainer aircraft under the new name Beechcraft Corporation.
The 125-800 was assembled at the British Aerospace factory near Chester, England until it was sold to Raytheon and assembly was transferred to Wichita, Kansas with parts and sub-assemblies still made in England.
These aircraft have a pedigree of rugged construction, owing to the design of the original HS-125 as a military liaison & trainer. In one incident, a 125-800 carrying the President of Rwanda was hit by two missiles and was still able to land safely. For many years, the 800 was the benchmark of mid-sized business jets and is in use worldwide with private individuals, corporate flight departments, charter & fractional ownership companies. The most commonly seen variant today is the Raytheon Hawker 800XP. There are also a couple of military variants used by South Korea for reconnaissance and by Japan for maritime patrol.
|Hawker 800 Specifications|
|Number Built||650, 1983 – 2013|
|Maximum Takeoff Weight||28,000lbs|
|Powerplant||2x Garrett TFE731-5R-1H, 4,300lb thrust (800)
2x Honeywell TFE731-5BR, 4,660lb thrust (850XP)
2x Honeywell TFE731-50BR, 4,750lb thrust (900XP)
|Maximum Cruising Speed||463mph|
|Passenger Capacity||8 (can be configured to 13)|