Cessna’s Citation is a brand of medium sized business jets that have been built in Wichita Kansas since 1969 and consists of six different families of aircraft models. The X and X+ family include only one model (750) referred to as Citation X.
Although the Citation X looks similar to earlier models, it was a clean-sheet design with very little in common. Past models had a reputation of being slower than competitors’ aircraft and Cessna intended to change that with this jet. The first prototype made its maiden flight on December 21, 1993 and golfer Arnold Palmer took delivery of the first production model in July 1996. Cessna’s design team won the Robert J. Collier Trophy for achievements in aeronautics for its work. The Citation X broke several speed records including one by Arnold Palmer in his personal aircraft and is currently the fastest civilian jet on the market according to Cessna.
A number of features contribute to this aircraft’s success. Rolls-Royce engines similar to those used on the Embraer 145 regional jet airliner power the Citation X, using digital controls for maximum efficiency. All models built after 2001 use an improved version of this engine with 5% more power and higher maximum weight. The designers achieved a significant reduction in drag with the fuselage and wings which contributes to the higher maximum speed. Dual hydraulically operated flight controls on the wings and tail, similar to a large jetliner, are a first for Cessna.
Visually, a Citation X can be identified by its sleek shape with low slung wings (this allows an increase in cabin space), large diameter engine intakes, 6 hexagon-shaped windows and a T-tail.
The Citation X+ debuted in 2010 and is a major update to the 750 model. Elliptical winglets set this version apart visually and are standard equipment. Winglets are also available as an aftermarket upgrade for older Citation X models such as the one pictured above at a cost of around $500,000. This allows for lower fuel consumption and higher range. The fuselage dimensions are slightly larger with the X+ as well, and other modifications include larger cockpit displays and engine improvements allowing for faster speed.
|Cessna 750 Citation X Specifications|
|First Flight||December 21, 1993|
|Number Built||336, 1996 – 2016|
|Max Gross Weight||36,100lbs|
|Powerplant||2 Rolls-Royce/AE 3007 turbofan (6,442lbs or 6,764lbs thrust each)|
|Maximum Cruising Speed||527kts|