There are currently no 3 engine jets in production. The three planes that have 2 engines under the wings and 1 in the tail are the McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 and MD-11, and the Lockheed L1011 Tristar. From the mid 1970s until 2000 Delta was the largest operator of the L1011 but today less than two dozen of them remain in service, none in North America. Place your mouse over the red links below to see the illustration highlighted.
- The DC-10 was produced from 1968 to 1989, 446 aircraft in all. Of the 170 remaining in service today, about 40% belong to FedEx as freighters and another 35% belong to the U.S. Air Force as transports and aerial refueling tankers (designated as a KC-10 model). In the U.S., there are only 7 remaining in a passenger configuration, operated by Omni as military troop charters.
- McDonnell-Douglas produced the MD-11 from 1990 to 2001 but it did not sell well and only 200 were built. There are 179 remaining in service today, with more than half of those belonging to FedEx and UPS as freighters. Several more are used by World Airways as troop charters.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR
McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 & MD-11
An MD-11 is longer than a DC-10.
Some FedEx planes will have the name “MD-10″ on the nose under the cockpit windows. This designation is only a cockpit upgrade from Boeing to give a DC-10 the same advanced instruments as an MD-11 and eliminates the Flight Engineer position from the crew.